Skip to main content

As businesses increasingly store and process sensitive data in the cloud, they become vulnerable to a variety of security threats that can jeopardize their sensitive data, intellectual property, and overall operations. Here are some notable types of security threats that organizations confront today, backed by data and reputable sources.

Types of security threats faced by enterprises

Malware Attacks: Malicious software designed to exploit vulnerabilities and compromise the security of cloud systems and applications.After the US Department of Homeland Security named Emotet the most dangerous and destructive malware used to steal financial data, it gained notoriety in 2018.

Ransomware Attacks: Sophisticated ransomware attacks encrypt critical data, demanding hefty ransoms for its release.The Conti Ransomware Attack of April 2022 pushed Costa Rica when multiple cyber-attacks shut down its economy – affecting several branches of government and the general public.

Insider Threats: Internal actors with privileged access can intentionally or unintentionally compromise security.

Phishing and Social Engineering: Attackers employ deceptive tactics to trick employees into revealing sensitive information.

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attacks: Malicious actors flood networks or websites, causing service disruptions. In February 2020, AWS announced that it had terminated a significant DDoS attack. This attack generated 2.3 terabits of traffic per second (Tbps) at the peak of its activity.

Account Hijacking: Unauthorized access to user accounts, resulting in data theft, unauthorized transactions, or malicious activities.

Public vs Private Cloud – Security Advantages, Disadvantages, and Risks

Public CloudPrivate Cloud
Security BenefitsExpert security teams and resourcesEnhanced control and customization
 Advanced threat detection systemsIsolated infrastructure
 Regular security updates and patchesStronger data privacy and compliance
 Built-in redundancy and disaster recovery capabilities 
DisadvantagesShared infrastructure and resourcesHigher initial setup and maintenance costs
 Limited control over security measuresRequires specialized IT expertise
 Potential for data breaches and unauthorized accessScalability challenges
 Compliance challenges 
RisksData leakage or lossInternal threats and insider attacks
 Data sovereignty and legal concernsExternal attacks and hacking attempts
 Lack of transparency and visibilityData replication and synchronization issues
 Dependence on cloud service provider's security measures

Which is More Secure? Private or Public Cloud?

Determining which is more secure, private or public cloud, is a complex matter with no definitive answer. The choice between private and public clouds depends on specific needs, risk tolerance, and data sensitivity. Many organizations opt for hybrid cloud approaches, combining the strengths of both models.


Mitra can give expert suggestions based on specific use cases and needs of clients for Hybrid cloud solutions . By leveraging a hybrid cloud model, businesses can enjoy the flexibility to deploy workloads in the most suitable environment. Critical and sensitive data can be kept in the private cloud, while non-sensitive data or peak workloads can be offloaded to the public cloud.

This approach allows businesses to optimize security, performance, and cost-efficiency based on their unique needs.


In the dynamic landscape of cloud computing, ensuring robust security measures is paramount for every organization. Understanding the advantages, disadvantages, and risks associated with both private and public clouds is crucial in making informed decisions.

Mitra’s cloud experts are well-equipped to understand your business needs and help devise a cloud solution that aligns with your security goals. Together, we can navigate the cloud securely and drive business success in this digital era. Book a call now!

About the Author

At Mitra Group, we are driven by a team of visionary authors who bring depth and expertise to our digital innovation solutions. Our authors combine passion, knowledge, and creativity to shape the future of technology and business.